¿El componente o la componente?

bip.jpgcomponente. 1. Adjetivo que significa ‘que forma parte de un todo’. Se usa normalmente como sustantivo. En ese caso, referido a persona, es sinónimo de miembro o integrante. Como sinónimo de ingrediente o elemento y, salvo en contados casos, es masculino.

La excepción se produce en las matemáticas, donde se usa como sustantivo femenino para nombrar las partes de un objeto matemático, como un vector. Se usa en meteorología para referirse a la dirección de los vientos: "Vientos flojos con predominio de la componente oeste".

No debe extenderse este uso en femenino a otros ámbitos, como por ejemplo: "Esta unidad coordina todas las componentes del computador".

Esta duda me surgió mientras revisaba la reveladora tesis de mi amigo Mario Álvarez, acerca de las causas del fracaso del Transantiago. En una parte, se refirió a "la componente tecnológica" del plan, como los GPS y las tarjetas bip!. La RAE nos aclaró que esta frase estaba incorrecta.

Saludos

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Comentarios

Qué tal.

Sabes, ando buscando el origen del por qué para matemáticas se utilice en femenino el adjetivo (usado como sustantivo) "componente"

¿No sabrás o tendrás alguna bibliografía o referencia al respecto?

Llegué a pensar que esto se lo debiéramos a Descartes con la invención del plano cartesiano, y con eso, el uso de los vectores. Puesto que Descartes fue francés, pensé que quizá fuera que en esa lengua la palabra "componente" fuera femenina, pero hasta donde he podido consultar, no lo es, lo que me lleva más profundo en mi duda.

En fin, espero me puedas ayudar, si no, prometo que cuando encuentre la respuesta la compartiré por aquí

saludos!

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